A liver biopsy is performed to obtain a sample of liver tissue for examination under a microscope. This helps the doctor to determine the type and severity of liver disease or liver damage, evaluate the presence of tumours or infection, or check existing conditions such as hepatitis or liver scar tissue (cirrhosis).
A liver biopsy is performed by injecting a local anaesthetic around the biopsy site and a thin needle is inserted into the edge of the liver to remove a tissue sample. Patients are closely monitored for several hours prior to discharge. Patients receive a mild sedative and pain medication for comfort during this process.