Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)

Home Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term mainly used to describe two conditions, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, both, chronic conditions that involve inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. EMC has the fine ibd treatment in Kochi.

Ulcerative colitis only affects the colon (large intestine), while Crohn’s disease can affect all of the digestive system, from the mouth to the anus.

There are other, less common types of IBD called collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis. The inflammation can only be seen using a microscope, and so they’re known as microscopic colitis.

The main symptoms of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are similar and may include:

• Pain, swelling or cramps in the stomach
• Recurring diarrhea, with blood
• Vomitting
• Anaemia
• Fever
• Weight loss
• Extreme tiredness

The symptoms of IBD are intermittent, with periods of severe symptoms (flare-ups) for long periods,or when they have few or no symptoms at all (remission).

The causes of IBD are considered to be due to the following:

• Genetically acquired
• Disruption to the immune system (the body’s defence against infection) – inflammation may be caused by the immune system attacking healthy tissue inside the digestive system while fighting off a virus or bacteria
In the case of severe symptoms that do not respond to medication, it may be necessary to surgically remove an inflamed section of the digestive system. EMC has the best ibd treatment in Kochi with an affordable cost.