Though hernias found in different parts of abdomen have different names, the root cause is the same.
- Inguinal (groin) hernia: This is the most commonly occurring hernia. It occurs more often in men than women. This is because this hernia follows the naturally soft pathway the testicles take, to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum. The bulge may disappear when one lies on his back or exerts pressure on the groin. If the bulge does not disappear, one should consult a surgeon as soon as possible.
- Epigastric hernia: This occurs between the navel and the lower part of the rib cage in the midline of the abdomen and is mainly found in women.
- Umbilical hernia: These common hernias are often noted as a protrusion at the navel, a weak area on the abdominal wall. This occurs most often among children, women and obese people.
- Incisional hernia: Abdominal surgery causes a flaw in the abdominal wall. This flaw can create an area of weakness in which a hernia may develop. This can occur either soon after a surgery or years after it.
- Apart from these, there are rare hernias like diaphragmatic hernia, femoral hernia and obturator hernia.